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Retinal Diseases

When a patient visits one of our physicians at The Eye Institute of Utah complaining of decreased central vision, it is often a result of damage to the retina. The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye and is filled with light-sensitive cells called rods and cones. These cells convert the image you see to neural impulses which are sent through the optic nerve and to the brain, creating sight. When damage or disease occurs in the retina, you may lose your ability to see detail, vibrant colors and central vision.

If you or a loved one are experiencing any signs of retinal problems, or have been diagnosed with one of the retinal conditions listed below, contact us at 800-760-4171 to set up an appointment with our experienced and respected retinal specialist, Dr. Michael Teske.

Retinal Conditions Treated at The Eye Institute of Utah

  • Macular Degeneration
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Flashes and Floaters

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans aged 65 and older. Macular degeneration, also referred to as AMD or age-related macular degeneration, is caused when damage or deterioration occurs to the macula, which is located in the center of the retina and is responsible for detailed, central vision. Though the disease is more common in people over 60, it’s possible to develop symptoms as young as age 40. Common symptoms include blurry vision and/or straight objects appearing wavy. Small blind spots may also appear in a person’s central vision.

AMD is a serious eye condition that can cause vision loss and even blindness. If you have been diagnosed with macular degeneration or have a family history of the disease, you should call us today at 800-760-4171 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Michael Teske to help slow the progression of the disease and prevent further vision loss.

Learn more about macular degeneration.

Retinal Detachment

A retinal detachment is a very serious condition that happens when the retina detaches from the supportive tissue in the back of the eye, which can result in rapid and even permanent vision loss if not treated immediately. Although typically afflicting those in their 40’s and over, the condition can present itself in anyone who has suffered from an eye injury, eye disease, extreme myopia (nearsightedness), or complications following eye surgery. Symptoms of a retinal detachment may include seeing spots, flashes of light, sudden floaters, or decreased peripheral vision. Our ophthalmologists and surgeons can treat retinal detachment with results that can save your eyesight.

Learn more about retinal detachment.

Diabetic Retinopathy

One of the leading causes of blindness for adults in the U.S. is diabetic retinopathy, which results as a complication of diabetes when damage occurs to blood vessels in the back of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy often shows no symptoms in the early stages of the disease, but vision loss and blindness can be prevented and treated with regular annual eye exams. Because diabetic retinopathy rarely shows symptoms, it’s important for diabetics of all ages to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, pay attention to any changes in vision, and see an ophthalmologist at least once a year. Our ophthalmologists regularly work with patients suffering from diabetes to help preserve sight and monitor diabetic retinopathy.

Flashes and Floaters


Many people experience small specks, lines or cloudy spots that occasional pass through their field of vision. These are called floaters and are usually seen when staring at a blank wall or background. Floaters occur when the vitreous, a gel-like substance that fills your eye, begins to separate from the back of the eye forming clumps or strands. Although they appear to float in front of your eye, they are actually just shadows being cast on your retina.


You may experience flashes or streaks of light, or the feeling of seeing “stars.” Flashes occur when the vitreous pulls or rubs against the retina. Flashes of light can appear for several weeks or months, and are more common with age.

Although flashes and floaters are common and can happen to anyone, you should contact a retinal specialist immediately if you suddenly notice an increase in floaters accompanied by sudden flashes, especially if you notice any changes to your vision. This could be a sign of retinal detachment or other serious eye conditions.

Contact The Eye Institute

If you have been diagnosed with a retinal disease or are experiencing symptoms of a retinal condition, contact us today at 800-760-4171 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Michael Teske.

The Eye Institute