About Refractive Errors

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

myopiaMyopia or nearsightedness is an eye condition that happens when the cornea is too steep or the eye too long. This means the light that enters the eye can’t focus correctly causing distant objects to appear blurry.

If you are nearsighted, you may be a candidate for a laser vision correction procedure such as LASIK or PRK. If you have very high levels of myopia, you may also be a candidate for the implantable contact lens, or Visian ICL.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

hyperopiaHyperopia or farsightedness is a condition where near and intermediate objects are blurry. In farsightedness, the eye is too short, which causes the light to focus past the retina. Procedures such as LASIK and PRK can be great options to correct hyperopia.

Presbyopia (Need for Reading Glasses)

presbyopiaPresbyopia occurs when you lose the ability to see clearly when performing activities such as reading a newspaper, book, or menu. You will notice that presbyopia develops progressively so over time, your reading or near vision will continue to worsen and become blurry. Many people nickname presbyopia as the “long-arm” disease because they develop the need to hold reading materials further away. Eventually, this condition may also affect your intermediate vision (working at computers) as well. This eye condition usually happens in your mid-40s. This is a normal age-related process that everyone eventually experiences. You will need reading glasses or readers to help with this condition. Ask your doctor about possible treatments that address presbyopia!

If you want to stop worrying about fumbling with your reading glasses, then The Eye Institute of Utah has a few options that may be just perfect for you! We offer presbyopia-correcting (or multifocal) intraocular lenses such as ReSTOR and Tecnis to bring back the whole range of near vision. These presbyopia-correcting lenses can be implanted during refractive lens exchange (RLE) surgery, or during a Custom Cataract Procedure.

It’s so nice not having to wear glasses or contacts, I hated them. I had a prescription of a -5.00, my glasses were pretty thick and I wore them for 30 years. I can see better now than I ever have before. I’m glad I chose The Eye Institute of Utah for my vision correction! Thanks again.*
Russel, UT


astigmatismAstigmatism is a common eye condition due to an irregularly shaped cornea. The cornea should be a spherical shape, but with astigmatism, it is shaped like a football resulting in blurred vision or double images at all distances. Previously, people with high amounts of astigmatism or cylinder were not candidates for laser vision correction. However, with today’s technology, LASIK and PRK can be excellent procedures for people with astigmatism. The precise laser is able to reshape the cornea and restore crisp, clear vision.

If you have one of the refractive errors discussed above. and would like to learn about possible surgical vision correction options, call us at 800-760-4171 and find out what options are available for you.

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*Individual Results May Vary

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